Sri Nagaraja is the king of all serpents. He entwines the neck of Lord Siva
and is also the bed of Lord Vishnu. This five headed serpent is 'Vaasuki' the
most revered of the serpents of Siva. The five heads of Nagaraja represents
- Panchabootha - The embodiment of the five primary
elements of nature earth, (water, fire, air and ether)
- The five external objects (organs) of action and the
five senses of perception all of which work together. The five external
objects (organs) of action are ears, eyes, tongue, nose, skin. There are five
senses of perception: sabdha, rupa, sparsa, rasa, gandha.
- Sabdha is the sound that you hear with the ears.
- Rupa is the form you see with the eyes.
- Rasa is the taste that you taste with the tongue.
- Gandha is the smell that you smell with the nose.
- Sparsa is the touch that you feel with the skin.
with the five senses of perception inside, along with the five external organs
of action that help us to act, we are able to function in this world.
- The pancha karmendriyas(elimination, procreation,
moving, grasping, speaking )
- The five karmas gets rid of the three doshas (vatha,
pitha and kapha )
- Vamanakarma - Expulsion of vitiated doshas through
- Virechanakarma - Expulsion of vitiated doshas
- Vastikarma - Administration of medicated oil or
decoctions into the rectum to pacify or expel the vitiated doshas
- Nasyakarma - Administration of medicated oil,
juices, and powders through nostrils
- Rakatamoksha -Expulsion of vitiated blood from the body
- The five rasas
- The five Prakaras - the 5 enclosures within a temple
- AKATTHE-BALIVATTAM: The innermost enclosure, which
- Sreekovil - A central building housing the
- Anthar-mandala - Space outside the Sreekovil
occupied by protective deities in the form of small stone platforms -
- Namaskaara-mandapa - A raised platform for
- NAALAMBALAM / CHUTTAMBALAM: Area around the sanctum
- Valia-ambalam - Covered spaces around the
Sreekovil for rituals and prayers
- Thittapalli - A small temple kitchen
- Mulayara - Storage space for grains, fruits,
- MADHYA HAARA / VILAKKU-MATTAM - Galaxy of Lamps
- PURATTHE-BALIVATTAM / SIVELIPPURA - Outer
enclosure and cirumabulatory pathway
- Agra-mandapa - Pathway leading to the
- Valiya-balikall - Large decorated stone
platform for sacrificial offerings
- Bali-peetha - Positions for protective
deities outside the temple
- Kshetra-paala- Positions for temple guardians
- Dwaja-sthamba - The ceremonial flag-mast and
- Kovil of minor deities - Sub-shrines within
the temple compound
- Koothamabalam - Enclosure for temple musicians
- MARYAADA / PURAM MATHIL: The outer boundary
- Gopura: A formal high building marking the main
- Oottu-pura: Lunch-hall
- Puram-mathil: Outer-wall
As the protector of Satyam (truth), Sivam
(auspicious), Sundaram (beauty) He decorates the neck of Lord Siva like a
beautiful ornament and provides protection to the devotees. Nagaraja and all
the serpents protect all life on this earth and provide stability to the
turmoil on earth
Hara Me Sakalan
Dada Me Sath Prajam Drisam
Salutations to Sri Nagaraja, who adorns Sri Siva's Body, please destroy all
illness in me and bless me with good progeny.
NAGARAJA AT SSVT
In Sri Siva Vishnu Temple, Nagaraja is installed behind
Ayyappa shrine as in Sabarimala. He is depicted as surrounding and acting as the
hood of Jeeva Siva Linga. Paramaathma is situated on 1000 petalled lotus in the
head. A small part of it is Jeeva Siva. On birth this descends to moolasthana
and is surrounded and covered by the hood of the serpent. Siva is Jeeva Siva and
sepent is Prakritthi. When Prakrithi is absent the Kundalini (Jeeva Siva) and
Prakrithi ascends to the head and merge with Paramaathma.
AUSPICIOUS DAYS AND FESTIVALS
Ayilyam star is very auspicious to Nagaraja. Special
Puja's are performed to Nagaraja on the Aayilyam day in the Hindu month of Kanya.
Milk, rice and coconuts are special offerings to
Nagaraja. Milk and turmeric abishekam are performed to Nagaraja. Sarpa Bali
is also performed to remove sarpa dhosham.